Serving Clovis, Portales and the Surrounding Communities

NM crop production update — November 2014

National Agriculture Statistics Service

New Mexico highlights

Based on Nov. 1 conditions, all cotton production in New Mexico is expected to total 80,000 480-lb bales, up 21 percent from 2013, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Upland cotton harvested acreage is forecast at 35,000 acres, up 4,000 acres from last year.

As of Nov. 1, producers expect to harvest 72,000 bales of upland cotton, up 20 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 987 pounds per acre, unchanged from the Oct. 1 forecast but up 58 pounds per acre from last year.

As of Nov. 2, 88 percent of the upland cotton crop bolls had opened, compared with 100 percent last year and 99 percent for the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 20 percent, compared with 14 percent last year and the 5-year average of 31 percent. The cotton crop was rated 2 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 52 percent fair, 25 percent good, and 17 percent excellent as of Nov. 2.

Pima cotton harvested acreage is estimated at 4,900 acres, up 1,500 acres from last year.

As of Nov. 1, producers expect to harvest 8,000 480-lb bales of Pima cotton, compared with 6,000 bales last year. Yield is forecast at 784 pounds per acre, down 63 pounds per acre from last year.

Sorghum production in 2014 is forecast at 3.50 million bushels, up 51 percent from the 2.31 million bushels harvested last year.

Growers expect to harvest 76,000 acres this year, up from the 68,000 acres harvested last year. Average yield is forecast at 46.0 bushels per acre, up 2.0 bushels per acre from the Oct. 1 forecast and up 12.0 bushels from last year.

As of Nov. 2, New Mexico’s sorghum crop condition was rated 3 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 64 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Sorghum mature was estimated at 60 percent complete, compared with 81 percent last year and the 5-year average of 75 percent and sorghum harvested was estimated at 8 percent complete, compared with 13 percent last year and the 5-year average of 26 percent.

Peanut production is forecast at 15.5 million pounds, down 29 percent from the 21.7 million pounds produced in 2013.

Growers expect to harvest 5,000 acres this year, compared with 7,000 acres a year ago. Yields are expected to average 3,100 pounds per acre,, unchanged pounds from both the Oct. 1 forecast and last year.

As of Nov. 2, New Mexico’s peanut crop condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 71 percent fair, and 7 percent good. Peanut harvest was estimated at 60 percent complete, compared with 74 percent last year and the 5-year average of 63 percent.

U.S. highlights

All cotton production in the United States is forecast at 16.4 million 480-pound bales, up less than 1 percent from last month and up 27 percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 797 pounds per harvested acre, down 24 pounds from last year.

Upland cotton production is forecast at 15.8 million 480-pound bales, up 29 percent from 2013. Pima cotton production, forecast at 578,000 bales, was carried forward from last month.

Production of United States sorghum is forecast at 408 million bushels, up 1 percent from last month and up 5 percent from last year.

Area harvested for grain is forecast at 6.17 million acres, unchanged from October but down 5 percent from 2013. Based on November 1 conditions, yield is forecast at 66.1 bushels per acre, up 0.7 bushel from last month and up 6.5 bushels from last year.

United States peanut production is forecast at 5.04 billion pounds, up 1 percent from the October forecast and up 21 percent from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 1.31 million acres, unchanged from October but 25 percent higher than 2013. Based on conditions as of Nov. 1, the average yield for the United States is forecast at 3,860 pounds per acre, up 48 pounds from the October forecast but 141 pounds below the 2013 average yield of 4,001 pounds per acre.